Aya

1953
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Concepts of Hizb ut Tahrir
(Mafahim Hizb ut Tahrir)

by

Taqiuddin an-Nabhani

Hizb ut Tahrir

1423 AH - 2002 CE

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Since the middle of the twelfth century Hijri (eighteenth century C.E.) the Islamic world has been rapidly declining from its correct position and sinking horribly to the abyss of decline. Numerous attempts have been undertaken to revive it, or at least to halt the decline, but to no avail. The Islamic world remains in a state of gloom, anarchy and decline, and it still suffers the consequences of such backwardness and disorder.

The reason for its decline is due to one single factor, the severe weakness that destroyed the ability of the minds in understanding Islam. The cause for this weakness was the detachment of the capacity of the Arabic language from the capacity of Islam when the Arabic language was ignored both in understanding and carrying Islam from the beginning of the seventh century Hijri onwards. Accordingly, unless the capacity of the Arabic language is mixed with the capacity of Islam by making the Arabic language the language of Islam as a fundamental and inseparable part of it, the decline will continue to drag the Muslims down. This is because it is the linguistic capacity that carried the capacity of Islam and consequently intermingled with it, such that the perfect carrying of Islam cannot be undertaken except by it; and if it is neglected, Ijtihad (deriving of AHkam from texts) in Shar’a (divine law) cannot be undertaken. Knowledge of the Arabic language is a fundamental condition in Ijtihad. Furthermore Ijtihad is necessary for the Ummah since progress within the Ummah cannot occur except by utilising it.

There are three reasons why the attempts undertaken to revive the Muslims with Islam failed; The first is the lack of an accurate understanding of the Islamic fikrah (idea) by those who assumed the burden of revival. The second is the lack of clarity of the Tareeqah (method) of Islam in implementing its fikrah. The third is the failure of those who assumed the burden of revival to link the Islamic fikrah with the Islamic Tareeqah tightly and inseparably.

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Accordingly all the reformist movements established to revive Muslims and to restore the glory of Islam failed. It was expected that such movements would fail, because though they were Islamic movements, they created even more complex issues, complicated the problems and distanced the society from Islam instead of working to implement Islam in it due to their misunderstanding of Islam.

It thus became necessary to have an Islamic movement that understands Islam as a fikrah and Tareeqah, to make the link between them and work to resume the Islamic way of life in any country of the Islamic world. This country would then become the starting point (nuqTat ibtidaa), from which the Islamic call springs, and then becomes the departure point (nuqTat inTilaq) for the call to Islam.

On this basis Hizb ut-Tahrir was established, and started to work for the resumption of the Islamic way of life in the Arab lands. This will result in the resumption of the Islamic way of life in the Islamic World by establishing the Islamic State in one or more of its countries as a support point (nuqTat irtikaz) for Islam. It would become a nucleus for the great Islamic State that resumes the Islamic way of life by the application of Islam completely in all Islamic lands and conveys the Islamic Da’wah to the entire world.

After study, thought and investigation, Hizb ut Tahrir adopted rules (AHkam Shara’iah), some of which relate to the treatment of individual problems that occur among individuals and in their relationship with each other, such as the prohibition of leasing land for farming. Some are relevant to the general opinions that are prevalent among Muslims and others (non Muslims), and others related to the relationship of Muslims with others (non Muslims), such as the permissibility of concluding emergency treaties (Mu’ahudat idtirariyyah) and the Da’wah for Islam before starting the fight etc. Some are related to the thoughts, which are rules (AHkam Sharai’ah) like the generally known rules such as collective principles and definitions, for example, the principle which says;

“That which is necessary to accomplish a duty (wajib) is itself a duty (wajib)”

And the definition of Hukm Shara’i as being, “the speech of the Legislator related to man’s actions” and so on.

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The objective of the group should be to resume the Islamic way of life in the Islamic Lands, and to carry the Islamic da’wah to the world. Its method to achieve this objective is through ruling (government). Its method to attain the ruling is through the study and comprehension of Islam and culturing people with it in a way producing the effect in the building of the Islamic mentality (‘aqliyyah) and the Islamic disposition (nafsiyyah), so as to form the Islamic personality (shakhsiyyah). It also interacts with the Ummah by making her understand Islam and realising her true interests and showing that Islam addresses these interests and secures their achievement together with adopting the interests of the Muslims. This interaction and struggle in the way of the da’wah should proceed simultaneously with the study of Islam. These actions of the party bloc are political; therefore it is necessary that the prominent appearance of this block be political, for it is the first practical way in which that da’wah for Islam starts. However, this does not mean da’wah is for politics alone or for ruling alone. Rather it means da’wah to Islam and the political struggle to gain the authority so as to establish the state, which will implement Islam and carry its da’wah. The bloc that carries the Islamic da’wah should be political. It should not be spiritual, moralistic, academic, scholarly, educational or any of these.

Hizb ut Tahrir, is a Hizb based on Islam and a political Hizb that deals with politics, and works to culture the Ummah with the Islamic culture in which the political aspect is prominently manifested. The Hizb condemns what the colonialists and their agents are doing by preventing students and employees from engaging in politics and attempting to distance the masses from it as well. The Hizb views the necessity that the masses know politics and that the political culture should be maintained in them. Political activity does not mean showing that Islam includes politics or the political principles in Islam are such and such. Politics means taking care of the affairs of the whole Ummah internally and externally and that these affairs be conducted on the basis of Islam alone. This should be done by the state and by the Ummah in her responsibility of accounting the state. To achieve this practically, the Hizb must undertake such responsibility in regards to the Ummah and ruling. Hizb ut Tahrir carries the Da’wah to Islam comprehensively and cultures the Ummah with the AHkam Shar’aiah that address the problems of daily life.

The Hizb works in order to govern by Islam and strives against the Kafir colonialists to uproot their influence. It also struggles against the agents of colonialism, whether those who adopt its intellectual leadership and ideas or those who implement its policy and thoughts.