Since the middle of the twelfth century Hijri (eighteenth century C.E.) the Islamic world has been rapidly declining from its correct position and sinking horribly to the abyss of decline. Numerous attempts have been undertaken to revive it, or at least to halt the decline, but to no avail. The Islamic world remains in a state of gloom, anarchy and decline, and it still suffers the consequences of such backwardness and disorder.
The reason for its decline is due to one single factor, the severe weakness that destroyed the ability of the minds in understanding Islam. The cause for this weakness was the detachment of the capacity of the Arabic language from the capacity of Islam when the Arabic language was ignored both in understanding and carrying Islam from the beginning of the seventh century Hijri onwards. Accordingly, unless the capacity of the Arabic language is mixed with the capacity of Islam by making the Arabic language the language of Islam as a fundamental and inseparable part of it, the decline will continue to drag the Muslims down. This is because it is the linguistic capacity that carried the capacity of Islam and consequently intermingled with it, such that the perfect carrying of Islam cannot be undertaken except by it; and if it is neglected, Ijtihad (deriving of AHkam from texts) in Shar’a (divine law) cannot be undertaken. Knowledge of the Arabic language is a fundamental condition in Ijtihad. Furthermore Ijtihad is necessary for the Ummah since progress within the Ummah cannot occur except by utilising it.
There are three reasons why the attempts undertaken to revive the Muslims with Islam failed; The first is the lack of an accurate understanding of the Islamic fikrah (idea) by those who assumed the burden of revival. The second is the lack of clarity of the Tareeqah (method) of Islam in implementing its fikrah. The third is the failure of those who assumed the burden of revival to link the Islamic fikrah with the Islamic Tareeqah tightly and inseparably.